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10 Surprising Facts About Energy Consumption in the UK, US, and Europe

Subtitle: Unveiling the Energy Trends That Are Shaping Our Future


As the global energy landscape continues to evolve, it is crucial for businesses, policymakers, and individuals to understand the trends driving change. In this article, we present 10 surprising facts about energy consumption in the UK, US, and Europe to help inform decision-making and highlight emerging opportunities.

Renewables on the rise:

In 2020, renewable energy accounted for 38% of the European Union's electricity generation, surpassing fossil fuels for the first time. In the US, renewable energy sources provided 20% of the country's total electricity generation in the same year. The UK saw a record 42% of its electricity generated from renewables in 2020.

The decline of coal:

Coal consumption has been on a steady decline in the UK, US, and Europe. The UK experienced its first coal-free day since the Industrial Revolution in 2017, while the European Union plans to phase out coal subsidies by 2025. In the US, coal's share of electricity generation dropped to 19% in 2020, down from 45% in 2010.

The nuclear factor:

France leads Europe in nuclear power generation, providing 70% of the country's electricity. In the US, nuclear energy represents approximately 20% of the total electricity generation, with 93 operating reactors. The UK has 15 operating reactors, accounting for roughly 16% of its electricity supply.

Natural gas surge:

Natural gas has been gaining ground as a cleaner alternative to coal. In 2020, natural gas provided 40% of the electricity generated in the US and 23% in the European Union. The UK's natural gas consumption accounted for 39% of its total energy demand in the same year.

Electric vehicle revolution:

The UK, US, and Europe have seen a significant increase in electric vehicle adoption. In 2020, there were more than 10 million electric vehicles on the roads worldwide, with Europe registering the highest growth rate. The UK aims to ban the sale of new petrol and diesel cars by 2030, while the US has pledged to make half of its new vehicle sales electric by 2030.

Energy efficiency improvements:

Energy efficiency has been a major focus in the UK, US, and Europe, with the European Union setting a target of reducing energy consumption by 32.5% by 2030. The US has implemented energy efficiency standards for appliances and buildings, and the UK's Green Homes Grant Scheme provides funding for energy-efficient home improvements.

The rise of smart grids:

Smart grids, which use digital technology to optimize energy use, are becoming increasingly prevalent in the UK, US, and Europe. In 2020, the European smart grid market was valued at $26.3 billion, and it is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 9.4% between 2021 and 2028.

Energy storage advancements:

Energy storage technologies, such as batteries and pumped hydro storage, are playing a vital role in integrating renewable energy into the grid. The UK, US, and Europe have invested heavily in energy storage research and development, with Europe leading the way in terms of installed capacity.

The hydrogen economy:

The UK, US, and Europe are exploring the potential of hydrogen as a clean energy source. In 2020, the European Union launched the European Clean Hydrogen Alliance to promote the adoption of hydrogen technologies, while the UK unveiled its Hydrogen Strategy in 2021, aiming to produce 5GW of low-carbon hydrogen by 2030. The US Department of Energy also announced the Hydrogen Energy Earthshot Initiative in 2021, targeting a reduction in the cost of clean hydrogen production by 80% by 2030.

Cross-border collaboration:

Energy cooperation has become a key focus among the UK, US, and Europe to address shared challenges and optimise resources. For example, the North Sea Wind Power Hub, a collaboration between the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, and the UK, is working to create an artificial island to support up to 110 GW of offshore wind capacity. Additionally, the European Union and the US have established the EU-US Energy Council to strengthen transatlantic energy cooperation on matters such as clean energy and energy security.


Understanding the dynamics of energy consumption in the UK, US, and Europe is crucial for businesses, policymakers, and individuals navigating the rapidly evolving energy landscape. OCLAS Consulting is dedicated to providing valuable insights into these emerging trends, helping clients capitalise on new opportunities and make informed decisions. By sharing these 10 surprising facts, we hope to spark conversation and generate interest in the critical issues shaping our energy future.


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